There are mice everywhere in my village, read it is a sign of coming disease or plague?

I read from the novel of Camus called “The Plague” that before spreading epidemic of plague it is seemed everywhere mice. Nowadays in my village (Sharafa, Masally, Azerbaijan (it is a post-soviet country on the cost of Caspian sea)) everybody gripes about mice in houses. I didn’t heard that anyone has felt ill yet. What can we do in advance?

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